Defense is the main test to which a diploma is subjected. Training for the student was to protect the coursework in previous courses. To defend the thesis work, an opponent is appointed (a teacher or a graduate student who passed the candidate’s minimum in the specialty), a reviewer (graduate student). Their names you will know in advance. If you are not notified, do not be lazy and find out for yourself – it will be useful. Opponents should receive the text of the diploma for review at least a week before the defense.
On the defense, you will be asked various questions, which are often associated with a misunderstanding of the text. It is necessary to show calmness and clearly answer all possible claims. Sharp answers on their own defense are not welcome, but to conduct an active “defense” is necessary.
It is highly desirable to have a scientific leader as not an opponent, but an ally. This is determined by the nature of the previous communication with the scientific adviser.
Therefore, real communication with the leader should be optimally sufficient, then he will not be able to impose his concept on you, spoiling the relationship at the same time. Moreover, he must be absolutely sure that you need it not as a bureaucratic cover (although this too), but as a scientific authority and an experienced methodologist.
Thus, the qualification work (diploma) is a student’s own educational and research development reflecting the result of the theoretical and practical training received for individual academic disciplines. Performance of the qualification work assumes a wide use of cultural-historical and modern scientific literature, reference materials, statistical data, advanced foreign and domestic experience with a view to consolidating and further deepening the theoretical and practical knowledge obtained.
When writing a thesis, students must realize the inadequacy of knowledge of one compulsory educational material; therefore, they should familiarize themselves with a wide range of both general and specialized literature on the subject, be able to relate theory questions to practice, draw appropriate conclusions and give recommendations.
In the process of researching the problem, the students’ abilities to independently carry out search and research activities, analyze and generalize theoretical and practical material, draw reasoned conclusions, make recommendations on the topic being developed. When doing a thesis, modern research methods should be used.